There’s a crowded area of 13 candidates working for president. The contenders embody incumbent President Julius Maada Bio, whose focus is on enhancing public schooling and agricultural productiveness, and his fundamental opponent, Samura Kamara, the runner-up from the 2018 elections. There may be one girl candidate.
Alongside the presidential contest, parliamentary and native council elections can even happen underneath a district block proportional illustration system, marking a shift from the constituency-based first-past-the-post system used since 2007.
Kamara, from the nation’s north-west, has prioritised nationwide cohesion. A former minister of overseas affairs and finance, in addition to a former governor of the central financial institution, his manifesto insists that bringing the nation collectively can be his high precedence, in addition to reviving the economic system and creating jobs.
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He has persistently lashed out on the authorities, blaming it for the current harsh financial local weather and hovering costs of particularly important commodities like meals.
Julius Maada Bio
Maada Bio, a retired military officer, was the army head of state between 1996 and 1996. He took energy in 2018 having ousted President Ernest Bai Koroma in an election characterised by accusations of corruption by the incumbent.
Bio has refused to take any blame for the present downturn, saying the financial situations are a worldwide phenomenon, blaming it on the Covid-19 pandemic and the Ukraine disaster.
He says he’ll strengthen and develop on his free schooling programme for major and secondary faculty goers. In his marketing campaign manifesto, his fundamental precedence will nevertheless be meals safety and an improved financial local weather.
What do voters need?
There has not been a lot debate on concepts in these elections. A lot of the campaigning has bordered on accusations, counteraccusations and recriminations between the celebration in energy till 5 years in the past, and the one in energy since.
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However voters are involved in regards to the bread-and-butter points – make ends meet by way of job alternatives, schooling and healthcare. Nationwide cohesion has additionally occupied a good portion of the discourse particularly due to rising pressure and the usage of ethnic slurs on social media by extremists on each side.
Observers say it places to check the nation’s peace which has been threatened in latest weeks and months amid rising pressure between supporters of the nation’s two oldest political events – the ruling SLPP and the principle opposition APC. That is the fifth time the nation might be voting basically elections because the struggle resulted in 2002.
Is violence anticipated?
There have been violent incidents within the weeks main as much as voting day with each political events accusing one another of fermenting hassle. The violence has been principally within the ruling celebration’s southeastern strongholds. In Bo, the workplaces of the APC celebration had been torched. The celebration accuses the SLPP of “intolerance” and “thuggery”. However the ruling SLPP celebration says the APC began all of it when their supporters attacked and tried to set on hearth the residence of their candidate for Mayor of Bo.
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Additionally on Sunday 18 June the motorcade of the APC presidential candidate, Samura Kamara, got here underneath assault as he campaigned within the southern Pujehun district with each side buying and selling accusations.
The ruling celebration has additionally accused the APC of attacking their supporters in Pujehun and within the northern city of Mile 91. And through their last marketing campaign rally within the capital Freetown, a supporter of the SLPP was reportedly killed after an altercation with APC rivals.
The strain has usually adopted the opposition’s complaints that the safety forces had been being heavy-handed towards their supporters and that they lack confidence within the electoral fee. Final week, they issued a 72-hour ultimatum for the resignation of the chief electoral commissioner and all his deputies. Additionally they referred to as for worldwide election specialists to come back and conduct the polls inside three months.
As soon as the deadline handed with out the demanded resignations, the celebration issued an announcement calling for avenue protests. On Tuesday and Wednesday, the nation’s Peace Fee was locked in closed-door conferences with the APC and the election administration our bodies. The end result of that’s but to be decided, whereas the specter of avenue protests stays.
“We’ve taken their grievances under consideration and the electoral fee will quickly reply to them,” says the Government Secretary of the Peace Fee.
How are elections organised?
A complete of three.4 million Sierra Leoneans are set to forged their votes manually by way of secret ballots. The process follows 5 levels – screening, reunification, reconciliation, sorting, and counting – managed by the Electoral Fee for Sierra Leone (ECSL). The ECSL additionally oversees the digital tallying of votes on the district and regional ranges.
The method varies for the presidential and parliamentary elections. Within the presidential race, a candidate should safe 55% of the full votes for outright victory; in any other case, a run-off election ensues. The parliamentary elections, nevertheless, make use of a district block proportional illustration system. Right here, voters endorse their favoured political events moderately than particular person candidates. Seats are proportionally allotted based mostly on votes obtained, offered the celebration or impartial candidate meets the 11.9% threshold.
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